Saturday, March 28, 2015

MelissaHopeDitmore. Encyclopedia of prostitution and sexwork. vol. 2. Bibliographie. Greenwood Press. 2006.



Further Reading:
1.       Bristow, Edward J. Prostitution and Prejudice: The Jewish Fight against White Slavery 1870–1939. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1982
2.       Corbin, Alain. Women for Hire: Prostitution and Sexuality in France after 1850. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1990
3.       Self, Helen J. Prostitution, Women and Misuse of the Law: The Fallen Daughters of Eve. London: Frank Cass, 2003
4.       Walkowitz, Judith R. Prostitution and Victorian Society: Women, Class and the State. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1980.

Further Reading:
1.       Bleuel, Hans Peter. Sex and Society in Nazi Germany. Philadelphia: J. P. Lippincott, 1973
2.       Bock, Gisela. “Keine Arbeitskräfte in diesem Sinne: Prostituierte im Nazi-Staat.“ In “Wir sind Frauen wie andere auch!”: Prostitutierte und ihre Kämpfe, ed. Pieke Biermann. Hamburg: Reinbek, 1980, pp. 70–106
3.       Gleß, Sabine. Die Reglementierung von Prostitution in Deutschland. Berlin: Duncker and Humblot, 1999
4.       Grossmann, Atina. Reforming Sex: The German Movement for Birth Control and Abortion Reform. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995
5.       Herzog, Dagmar. “Hubris and Hypocrisy, Incitement and Disavowal: Sexuality and German Fascism.” Journal of the History of Sexuality 11, nos. 1/2 ( January/April 2002): 3–21
6.       Paul, Christa. Zwangsprostitution: Staatlich errichtete Bordelle im Nationalsozialismus. Berlin: Edition Hentrich, 1994
7.       Roos, Julia. “Backlash against Prostitutes’ Rights: Origins and Dynamics of Nazi Prostitution Policies.” Journal of the History of Sexuality 11, nos. 1/2 ( January/April 2002): 67–94
8.       Schikorra, Christa. “Prostitution weiblicher KZ-Häftlinge als Zwangsarbeit.” Dachauer Hefte, no. 16 (November 2000): 112–24
9.       Zürn, Gaby. “Von der Herbertstraße nach Auschwitz.” In Opfer und Täterinnen: Frauenbiographien des Nationalsozialismus, ed. Angelika Ebbinghaus. Nördlingen: Greno-Verlag, 1987, pp. 91–101.

Further Reading:
1.       Long, Alecia P. The Great Southern Babylon: Sex, Race, and Respectability in New Orleans, 1865–1920. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2004
2.       Rose, Al. Storyville, New Orleans: Being an Authentic, Illustrated Account of the Notorious Red Light District. Tuscaloosa, AL: University of Alabama Press, 1974.

Further Reading:
1.       Asbury, Herbert. The Gangs of New York: An Informal History of the Underworld. New York: Thunder’s Mouth Press, 2001
2.       Cohen, Patricia Cline. The Murder of Helen Jewett. New York: Random House, 1998
3.       Gilfoyle, Timothy. City of Eros: New York City, Prostitution, and the Commercialization of Sex, 1790–1920. New York: W. W. Norton, 1992
4.       Quan, Tracy. Diary of a Manhattan Call Girl. New York: Crown, 2001
5.       Sante, Luc. Low Life: Lures and Snares of Old New York. New York: Vintage, 1992
6.       Thukral, Juhu, and Melissa Ditmore. Revolving Door: An Analysis of Street-Based Prostitution in New York City. New York: Urban Justice Center, 2005. http://www.sexworkersproject.org.reports/RevolvingDoor.html
7.       Thukral, Juhu, Melissa Ditmore, and Alexandra Murphy. Behind Closed Doors: An Analysis of Indoor Sex Work in New York City. New York: Urban Justice Center, 2005. http://www.sexworkersproject. org.reports/BehindClosedDoors.html.

Further Reading:
1.       Nzioka, Charles. “AIDS Policies in Kenya: A Critical Perspective on Prevention.” In AIDS: Foundations for the Future, ed. Peter Aggleton, Peter Davies, and Graham Hart. London: Taylor and Francis, 1994, pp. 168–70.

Further Reading:
1.       “A Guide to Best Practice: Occupational Health and Safety in the Australian Sex Industry. 2000.” Australian Federation of AIDS Organizations Web site http://www.afao.org.au/view_articles. asp?pxa=ve&pxs=100&pxsc=&pxsgc=&id=204
2.       “A Guide to Occupational Health and Safety in the New Zealand Sex Industry. 2004.” Department of Occupational Safety and Health of New Zealand Web site http://www.osh.dol.govt.nz/order/catalogue/235.shtml
3.       “United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights.” United Nations Web site http://www.un.org/Overview/rights.html.

Further Reading:
1.       Blier, Steven. “Portraits de Manon.” Opera News 65, no. 9 (March 2001): 14
2.       John, Nicholas, ed. Violetta and Her Sisters: Female Responses to the “Lady of the Camellias.” New York: Faber and Faber, 1994
3.       Perle, George. The Operas of Alban Berg, Volume II: Lulu. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1985
4.       Phillips-Matz, Mary Jane. Verdi: A Biography. London: Oxford University Press, 1993, 1996
5.       Porter, Andrew. “Lulu’s Back in Town.” Times Literary Supplement, 10 May 2002, p. 24
6.       Prévost, Abbé. Manon Lescaut. Translated with introduction and notes by Angela Scholar. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.

Further Reading:
1.       Denisova, Tatyana A. “Trafficking in Women and Children for Purposes of Sexual Exploitation: The Criminological Aspect.” Trends in Organized Crime 6 (2001): 30–36
2.       Feder, Sid. The Luciano Story. New York: D. McKay, 1954
3.       Gilfoyle, Timothy J. City of Eros: New York City, Prostitution, and the Commercialization of Sex, 1790–1920. New York: W. W. Norton, 1992
4.       Hill, Marilynn Wood. Their SistersKeepers: Prostitution in New York City, 1830–1870. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993
5.       Hobson, Barbara Meil. Uneasy Virtue: The Politics of Prostitution and the American Reform Tradition. New York: Basic Books, 1987
6.       Reppetto, Thomas A. American Mafia: A History of Its Rise to Power. New York: Henry Holt, 2004
7.       Rosen, Ruth. The Lost Sisterhood: Prostitution in America, 1900–1918. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1982
8.       Schloenhardt, Andreas. “Organized Crime and the Business of Migrant Trafficking.” Crime, Law and Social Change 32, no. 3 (1999): 203–33.

Further Reading:
1.       Davidson, James N. Courtesans and Fishcakes: The Consuming Passions of Classical Athens. New York: St. Martin’s, 1998
2.       Henry, Madeleine M. Prisoner of History: Aspasia of Miletus and Her Biographical Tradition. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995
3.       Kurke, Leslie. Coins, Bodies, Games and Gold: The Politics of Meaning in Archaic Greece. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1999
4.       McClure, Laura. Courtesans at the Table: Gender and the Greek Literary Tradition in Athenaeus. New York: Routledge, 2003.

Further Reading:
1.       Herek, Gregory M. “Facts about Homosexuality and Mental Health.” Sexual Orientation, Science, Education and Policy Web site http://psychology.ucdavis.edu/rainbow/html/ facts_mental_health.html
2.       Hucker, Stephen. “Paraphilias.” PsychDirect Web site http://www. psychdirect.com/forensic/Criminology/para/paraphilia.htm
3.       Moser, Charles, and Peggy J. Kleinplatz. “DSM-IV-TR and the Paraphilias: An Argument for Removal.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychiatric Association, San Francisco, CA, May 2004.

Further Reading:
1.       Parent-Duchâtelet, A.J.B. De la Prostitution dans la ville de Paris, considérée sous le rapport de lhygiène publique, de la morale et de ladministration. Paris: J. B. Baillière, 1836
2.       Ryan, M. Prostitution in London, with a Comparative View of That of Paris and New York. London: H. Baillière, 1839.

Further Reading:
1.       Chauncey, George. Gay New York: Gender, Urban Culture and the Making of the Gay Male World 1890–1940. New York: Basic Books, 1994
2.       Friedman, Mack. Strapped for Cash: A History of American Hustler Culture. Los Angeles: Alyson Books, 2003
3.       Werther, Ralph, a.k.a. Jennie June. The Female Impersonators. New York: Medico-Legal Journal, 1922.

Further Reading:
1.       Abramovich, E. “Childhood Sexual Abuse as a Risk Factor for Subsequent Involvement in Sex Work: A Review of Empirical Findings.” Journal of Psychology and Human Sexuality 17 (2005): 131–46
2.       Browne, Jan, and Victor Minichiello. “The Social and Work Context of Commercial Sex between Men: A Research Note.” Australian and New England Journal of Sociology 32 (1996): 86–92
3.       Caukins, S., and N. Coombs. “The Psychodynamics of Male Prostitution.” American Journal of Psychotherapy 30 (1975): 441–52
4.       Chapkis, Wendy. Live Sex Acts: Women Performing Erotic Labor. New York: Routledge, 1997
5.       Farley, Melissa, Isin Baral, Merab Kiremire, and Ufuk Sezgin. “Prostitution in Five Countries: Violence and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.” Feminism and Psychology 8, no. 4 (1998): 405–26
6.       Farley, M., and H. Barkan. “Prostitution, Violence against Women, and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.” Women and Health 27 (1998): 37–49
7.       Farley, M., A. Cotton, J. Lynne et al. “Prostitution and Trafficking in Nine Countries: An Update on Violence and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.” In Prostitution, Trafficking and Traumatic Stress, ed. Melissa Farley Binghamton, NY: Haworth Press, 2003, pp. 33–74
8.       Koken, Juline A., David S. Bimbi, Jeffrey T. Parsons, and Perry N. Halkitis. “The Experience of Stigma in the Lives of Male Internet Escorts.” Journal of Psychology and Human Sexuality 16 (2004): 13–32
9.       Lewis, J., and E. Maticka-Tyndale. “Methodological Challenges Conducting Research Related to Sex Work.” In Escort Services in a Border Town: Transmission Dynamics of STDs within and between Communities. Report issued by Division of STD Prevention and Control, Laboratory Centres for Disease Control, Health Canada, Ottawa, 2000
10.   Lewis, J., E. Maticka-Tyndale, F. Shaver, and H. Schramm. “Managing Risk and Safety on the Job: The Experiences of Canadian Sex Workers.” Journal of Psychology and Human Sexuality 17 (2005): 147–67
11.   Luckenbill, D. “Deviant Career Mobility: The Case of Male Prostitutes.” Social Problems 33 (1986): 283–96
12.   Morrison, T. G., and B. W. Whitehead. “Strategies of Stigma Resistance among Canadian Gay-Identified Sex Workers.” Journal of Psychology and Human Sexuality 17 (2005): 169–79
13.   Morse, E. V., P. M. Simon, H. J. Osofsky, P. M. Balson, and H. R. Gaumer. “The Male Street Prostitute: A Vector for Transmission of HIV Infection into the Heterosexual World.” Social Science and Medicine 32 (1991): 535–39
14.   Perkins, R., and G. Bennett. Being a Prostitute: Prostitute Women and Prostitute Men. 2nd ed. Sydney: George Allen and Unwin, 1997
15.   Pheterson, Gail. “The Category ‘Prostitute’ in Social Scientific Inquiry.” Journal of Sex Research 27 (August 1990): 397–407
16.   Reuben, David. Everything You Always Wanted to Know about Sex (But Were Afraid to Ask). New York: Harper- Collins, 1969, 1999
17.   Sagarin, E., and R. J. Jolly. “Prostitution: Profession and Pathology.” In Sexual Dynamics of Anti-Social Behavior, 2nd ed., ed. L. B. Schlesinger and E. R. Revitch. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas, 1997, pp. 9–30
18.   Sanders, Teela. “It’s Just Acting: Sex Workers’ Strategies for Capitalizing on Sexuality.” Gender, Work and Organization 12 (2005): 319–42
19.   Shaver, Frances M. “Sex Work Research: Methodological and Ethical Challenges.” Journal of Interpersonal Violence 20 (2005): 296–319
20.   Silverstein, Charles and Felice Picano. The Joy of Gay Sex. New York: Harper- Collins, 2003
21.   Simon, Patricia M., Edward V. Morse, Howard J. Osofsky, Paul M. Balson, and H. Richard Gaumier. “Psychological Characteristics of Male Street Prostitutes.” Archives of Sexual Behavior 21, no. 1, (1992): 33–44
22.   Simons, R. L., and L. B. Whitbeck. “Sexual Abuse as a Precursor to Prostitution and Victimization among Adolescent and Adult Homeless Women.” Journal of Family Issues 12 (1991): 361–79
23.   Surratt, H. L., S. P. Kurtz, J. C. Weaver, and J. A. Inciardi. “The Connections of Mental Health Problems, Violent Life Experiences, and the Social Milieu of the ‘Stroll’ with the HIV Risk Behaviors of Female Street Sex Workers.” Journal of Psychology and Human Sexuality 17 (2005): 23–44
24.   Thukral, Juhu, and Melissa Ditmore. Revolving Door: An Analysis of Street-Based Prostitution in New York City. New York: Urban Justice Center, 2003. http://www.sexworkersproject.org/reports/RevolvingDoor.html.
25.   Thukral, Juhu, Melissa Ditmore, and Alexandra Murphy. Behind Closed Doors: An Analysis of Indoor Sex Work in New York City. New York: Urban Justice Center, 2005. http://www.sexworkersproject.org/reports/BehindClosedDoors.html
26.   Vanwesenbeeck, Ine. “Another Decade of Social Scientific Work on Sex Work: A Review of Research, 1990–2000.” Annual Review of Sex Research 12 (2001): 242–89
27.   Vanwesenbeeck, Ine. ProstitutesWell-Being and Risk. Amsterdam: VU University Press, 1994.

Further Reading:
1.       Chapkis, Wendy. Live Sex Acts: Women Performing Erotic Labor. New York: Routledge, 1997
2.       Duggan, Lisa, and Nan Hunter. Sex Wars: Sexual Dissent and Political Culture. New York: Routledge, 1995
3.       Dworkin, Andrea. Pornography: Men Possessing Women. New York: Perigee, 1981
4.       MacKinnon, Catharine. Only Words. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1993

 Further Readings:
1.       Ringdal, Nils Johan. Love for Sale: A World History of Prostitution. Trans. Richard Daly. New York: Grove Press, 2004.
2.       Rounding, Virginia. Grandes Horizontales: The Lives and Legends of Four Nineteenth-Century Courtesans. New York: Bloomsbury, 2003.

Further Reading:
1.       Aretino, Pietro. The School of Whoredom. London: Hesperus Press, 2003
2.       Australian Government. “National HIV/AIDS Strategy 2005–2008: Revitalising Australia’s Response, 2005.” http://www.health.gov.au/internet/wcms/publishing.nsf/Content/health-pubhlth-strateghiv_ hepc-hiv-index.htm
3.       Mawulisa S. “Principles of Peer Education with Sex Workers.” Canberra, Australia: Scarlet Alliance, 2001
4.       Murray, Alison. Pink Fits: Sex, Subcultures and Discourses in the Asia-Pacific. Clayton, Australia: Monash Asia Institute, Monash University Press.

Further Reading:
1.       Cheng, Weikun. “The Challenge of the Actresses: Female Performers and Cultural Alternatives in Early Twentieth Century Beijing and Tianjin.” Modern China 22, no. 2 (April 1996): 197–233
2.       Cheng, Weikun. “The Use of ‘Public’ Women: Commercialized Performance, Nation-Building, and Actresses’ Strategies in Early Twentieth-Century Beijing.” Working Papers on Women and International Development 275. June 2002. http://www.isp.msu.edu/wid/papers/pdf/WP275.pdf.
3.       Mackerras, Colin. “Peking Opera before the Twentieth Century.” Comparative Drama 28, no. 1 (Spring 1994): 19–42
4.       Tian, Min. “Male Dan: The Paradox of Sex, Acting, and Perception of Female Impersonation in Traditional Chinese Theatre.” Asian Theatre Journal 17, no. 1 (Spring 2000): 78–97.

Further Reading:
1.       Cloke, Gillian. “This Female Man of God: Women and Spiritual Power in the Patristic Age, A.D. 350–450. New York: Routledge, 1995
2.       Pavlovskis, Zoja. “The Life of St. Pelagia the Harlot: Hagiographic Adaptation of Pagan Romance.” Classical Folio 30 (1976): 138–49.

Further Reading:
1.       Robinson, Portia. The Women of Botany Bay: A Reinterpretation of the Role of Women in the Origins of Australian Society. Sydney: Macquarie Library, 1988.

Further Reading:
1.       “Dime Novels and Penny Dreadfuls” http://www.sul.stanford.edu/depts/dp/ pennies/home.html
2.       Dunae, Patrick. “Penny Dreadfuls: Late Nineteenth-Century Boys’ Literature and Crime.” Victorian Studies 22 (1979):133–50
3.       James, Louis. Fiction for the Working Man 1830–50. London: Oxford University Press, 1963
4.       Springhall, John. “‘A Life Story for the People’? Edwin J. Brett and the London ‘Low-Life’ Penny Dreadfuls of the 1860s.” Victorian Studies 33, no. 2 (1990): 223–46.

Further Reading:
1.       Davidson, James N. Courtesans and Fishcakes: The Consuming Passions of Classical Athens. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1998
2.       Kurke, Laura. Coins, Bodies, Games and Gold. Princeton, N J: Princeton University Press, 1999
3.       McClure, Laura. Courtesans at Table: Gender and the Greek Literary Tradition in Athenaeus. New York: Routledge, 2003.

Further Reading:
1.       Adelman, Bob and Susan Hall. Gentleman of Leisure: A Year in the Life of a Pimp. 1972. Reprint, New York: Powerhouse Books, 2006
2.       Brown, Cecil. Stagolee Shot Billy. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2003
3.       Brown, Cecil. I, Stagolee. Xlibris Corporation, 2004
4.       Colette. Gigi, Julie de Carneilhan, Chance Acquaintances. 1952. Reprint, New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1987.

Further Reading:
1.       Weitzer, Ronald John, ed. Sex for Sale: Prostitution, Pornography, and the Sex Industry. New York: Routledge, 2000.

Further Reading:
1.       Pinzer, Maimie. The Maimie Papers: Letters from an Ex-Prostitute. Edited by Ruth Rosen and Sue Davidson. New York: Feminist Press, 1977.

Further Reading:
1.       Auerbach, Nina. Woman and the Demon: The Life of a Victorian Myth. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1982
2.       Lipking, Lawrence. Abandoned Women and Poetic Tradition. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1988
3.       Roberts, Nickie. Whores in History: Prostitution in Western Society. New York: Harper Collins, 1992
4.       Trudgill, Eric. Madonnas and Magdalenes. London: Heineman, 1975.

Further Reading:
1.       Davidson, James N. Courtesans and Fishcakes. The Consuming Passions of Classical Athens. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1998
2.       Kurke, Leslie. Coins, Bodies, Games and Gold: The Politics of Meaning in Archaic Greece. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1999
3.       McClure, Laura K. Courtesans at Table: Gender and the Greek Literary Tradition in Athenaeus. New York: Routledge, 2003.

Further Reading:
1.       Gilfoyle, Timothy J. City of Eros: New York City, Prostitution, and the Commercialization of Sex, 1790–1920. New York: W. W. Norton, 1992
2.       Riccio, Rita. “Strolling the Strip: Prostitution in a North American City.” In Geographical Snapshots of North America, ed. Donald G. Janelle. New York: Gilford Press, 1992, pp. 114–16.

Further Reading:
1.       Free the Slaves and Human Rights Law Center. Hidden Slaves: Forced Labor in the United States. Washington, DC: Free the Slaves and Human Rights Law Center, 2004. http://www.freetheslaves.net/resources/whitepapers/
2.       Herman, J. L. Trauma and Recovery. New York: Basic Books, 1997.
3.       United States v. Cadena. 1998. Case number 98–14015-CR-RYSKAMP, U.S. District Court, Southern District of Florida.
4.       van der kolk, B. A., A.C. McFarlan, and L. Weisaeith, eds. Traumatic Stress: The Effects of Overwhelming Experience on Mind, Body, and Society. New York: Guilford Press, 1996
5.       Yehuda, R., ed. Psychological Trauma. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press, 1998.

Further Reading:
1.       Donaldson, Stephen “Donny.” A Million Jockers, Punks, and Queens: Sex among American Male Prisoners and Its Implications for Concepts of Sexual Orientation. New York: Stop Prisoner Rape, 1993. Stop Prisoner Rape Web site http://www.spr.org
2.       Fellner, Jamie, and Marc Mauer. Losing the Vote: The Impact of Felony Disenfranchisement Laws in the United States. New York: Human Rights Watch, the Sentencing Project, 1998
3.       May, Glenn. “Jail Assaults Described.” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, 25 March 2004
4.       Posner, Richard, and Katharine Silbaugh. A Guide to Americas Sex Laws. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996
5.       Wasserman, Joanne. “Prison Rapes ‘Routine’.” New York Daily News, 28 January 2003
6.       Wistrom, Brent. “Elusive Evidence in Rape Cases
7.       Allred Investigation Not Accurate, ACLU Says.” Times Record News, 27 February 2004.

Further Reading:
1.       Baston, Lewis. Sleaze: The State of Britain. London: Macmillan, 2000
2.       Denning, Lord Alfred. John Profumo and Christine Keeler 1963. London: H. M. Stationery Office, 1963
3.       Keeler, Christine, with Douglas Thompson. The Truth at Last: My Story. London: Sidgwick and Jackson, 2001
4.       Kennedy, Ludovic. The Trial of Stephen Ward. London: Victor Gollancz, 1964.

Further Reading:
1.       Thukral, Juhu and Melissa Ditmore. Revolving Door: An Analysis of Street-Based Prostitution in New York City. New York: Urban Justice Center, 2003 http://www.sexworkersproject. org/reports/RevolvingDoor.html
2.       Thukral, Juhu, Melissa Ditmore, and Alexandra Murphy. Behind Closed Doors: An Analysis of Indoor Sex Work in New York City. New York: Urban Justice Center, 2005. http://www.sexworkersproject.org/reports/BehindClosedDoors.html.

Further Reading:
1.       McClendon, Muriel C., Joseph P. Ward, and Michael Macdonald. Protestant Identities: Religion, Society, and Self-Fashioning in Post-Reformation England. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1999
2.       Weisner-Hanks, Mary. Convents Confront the Reformation: Catholic and Protestant Nuns in Germany. Milwaukee, WI: Marquette University Press, 1996.

Further Reading:
1.       Butler, Josephine. “The Double-Standard of Morality.” Philanthropist, October 1886
2.       Grittner, Frederick K. White Slavery: Myth, Ideology, and American Law. New York: Garland, 1990
3.       Pivar, David J. Purity Crusade: Sexual Morality and Social Control, 1868–1900. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1973
4.       Rosen, Ruth. The Lost Sisterhood: Prostitution in America, 1900–1918. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1982
5.       Vice Commission of Chicago. The Social Evil in Chicago: A Study of Existing Conditions. Chicago: Gunthorp-Warren Printing Company, 1911
6.       Walkowitz, Judith R. City of Dreadful Delight: Narratives of Sexual Danger in Late-Victorian London. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992.

Further Reading:
1.       Bolt, Christine. The Womens Movements in the United States and Britain from the 1790s to the 1920s. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1993
2.       Bristow, Edward J. Vice and Vigilance: Purity Movements in Britain since 1700. Totowa, NJ: Rowman and Littlefield, 1977
3.       Hobson, Barbara Meil. Uneasy Virtue: The Politics of Prostitution and the American Reform Tradition. New York: Basic Books, 1987
4.       Pivar, David J. Purity Crusade: Sexual Morality and Social Control, 1868–1900. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1973
5.       Walkowitz, Judith. Prostitution and Victorian Society: Women, Class, and the State. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1980.

Further Reading:
1.       Bailey, Beth, and David Farber. The First Strange Place: The Alchemy of Race and Sex in World War Two Hawaii. New York: Free Press, 1992
2.       Enloe, Cynthia. Bananas, Beaches and Bases: Making Feminist Sense of International Politics. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1989
3.       Jeffrey, Leslie Ann. Sex and Borders: Gender, National Identity, and Prostitution Policy in Thailand. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 2003
4.       Moon, Katherine. Sex Among Allies: Military Prostitution in U.S.-Korea Relations. New York: Columbia University Press, 1997
5.       Sturdevant, Saundra, and Brenda Stoltzfus, eds. Let the Good Times Roll: Prostitution and the U.S. Military in Asia. New York: New Press, 1992.

Further Reading:
1.       Agustín, Laura. “Helping Women Who Sell Sex: The Construction of Benevolent Identities.” Rhizomes 10 (Spring 2005), http://www.rhizomes.net/issue10/agustin.htm
2.       Brooks, Siobhan. “Working the Streets: Gloria Lockett’s Story.” Spectator.net interviews (2000), http://www. spectator.net/1155/pages/1155_lockett.html
3.       Bulmer, Martin, and Solomos, John. Racism. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999
4.       Chapkis, Wendy. “Power and Control in the Commercial Sex Trade.” In Sex for Sale, ed. R. Weitzer. New York: Routledge, 2000, pp. 181–201
5.       Davis, Angela. Women, Race, and Class. New York: Vintage, 1983
6.       Davis, F. James. Who Is Black?: One Nation’s Definition. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2001
7.       Dominguez, Virginia R. White by Definition: Social Classification in Creole Louisiana. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1986
8.       Gilfoyle, Timothy J. City of Eros: New York City, Prostitution, and the Commercialization of Sex, 1790–1920. New York: W.W. Norton, 1992
9.       Hill-Collins, Patricia. Black Sexual Politics. New York: Routledge, 2004
10.   Human Rights Watch. Rape For Profit: Trafficking of Nepali Girls and Women to India’s Brothels. New York: Human Rights Watch, 2005. http://www.hrw.org/reports/1995/India. htm
11.   Kempadoo, Kamala, and Jo Doezema. Global Sex Workers: Rights, Resistance, and Redefinition. New York: Routledge, 1998
12.   Kemapadoo, Kamala. Sexing the Caribbean. New York: Routledge, 2004
13.   Lerner, Gerda. Black Women in White America. New York: Vintage, 1973
14.   Louie, Reagan. Orientalia: Sex in Asia. New York: Powerhouse Books, 2003
15.   McClintock, Anne. Imperial Leather: Race, Gender and Sexuality in the Colonial Contest. New York: Routledge, 1995
16.   Model, Suzanne. “The Ethnic Niche and the Structure of Opportunity: Immigrants and Minorities in New York City.” In The Underclass Debate: Views from History, ed. Michael B. Katz. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1993
17.   Nagel, Joanne. Race, Ethnicity, and Sexuality: Intimate Intersections, Forbidden Frontiers. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003;Roberts, Dorothy. Killing the Black Body. New York: Vintage 1997
18.   Spivak, Gayatri Chakravorty. “Can the Subaltern Speak?” In Colonial Discourse and Post Colonial Theory, ed. Patrick Williams and Laura Chrisman. New York: Columbia University Press, 1994, pp. 66–111
19.   Thukral, Juhu, Melissa Ditmore, and Alexandra Murphy. Behind Closed Doors: An Analysis of Indoor Sex Work in New York City. New York: Urban Justice Center, 2005. http://www.sexworkersproject.org/reports/BehindClosedDoors.html
20.   Wilson, William Julius. The Declining Significance of Race: Black and Changing American Institutions. Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1978.

Further Reading:
1.       Kramer, Phyllis Silverman. “Rahab from Peshat to Pedagogy, or: The Many Faces of a Heroine.” In Culture, Entertainment and the Bible, ed. George Aichele. Journal for the Study of the Old Testament, Supplement Series 309. Sheffield, England: Sheffield Academic, 2000
2.       Nelson, Richard D. Joshua: A Commentary. Louisville, KY: Westminster/John Knox Press, 1997
3.       Sölle, Dorothée. Great Women of the Bible in Art and Literature. Macon, GA: Mercer University Press, 1994, pp. 104–13.

Further Reading:
1.       Human Rights Watch. “Making Their Own Rules”: Police Beatings, Rape, and Torture of Children in Papua New Guinea. New York: Human Rights Watch, 2004. http://hrw.org/ reports/2005/png0905/
2.       Human Rights Watch. Policy Paralysis: A Call for Action on HIV/AIDSRelated Human Rights Abuses Against Women and Girls in Africa. New York: Human Rights Watch, 2003. http://www.hrw.org/reports/2003/africa1203
3.       Human Rights Watch. Ravaging the Vulnerable: Abuses Against Persons at High Risk of HIV in Bangladesh. New York: Human Rights Watch, 2003. http://www.hrw.org/reports/2003/bangladesh0803/
4.       Jenkins, Carol. “Cambodian Sex Workers Conduct Their Own Research.” Research for Sex Work 8 (2005), http://www.researchforsexwork. org
5.       Norton-Hawk, Maureen. “The Counterproductivity of Incarcerating Female Street Prostitutes.” Deviant Behavior 22, no. 5 (Sept–Oct 2001): 403–417
6.       NSW Rape Crisis Center. “I Am a Sex Worker.” http://www.nswrapecrisis.com.au/Information%20Sheets/I-am-a-sex-worker.htm
7.       Weitzer, Ronald. “Flawed Theory and Method in Studies of Prostitution.” Violence Against Women 11, no. 7 ( July 2005).

  RECHY, JOHN (1934–). John Rechy is an American writer best known for his novels based on his experiences as a gay hustler. Born in El Paso, Texas, to Mexican parents, Rechy began drifting and hustling his way around the United States after a stint in the U.S. Army. In his autobiographical first novel, City of Night (1963), a nameless narrator recounts his adventures, the street life, and people and johns he encounters as he wanders and hustles himself from New Orleans to New York City, Chicago, San Francisco, and Los Angeles. The novel also recounts a childhood in El Paso. City of Night was an international literary sensation, creating such a strong demand for copies that the book landed on several best-seller lists before it was even published. It is considered a classic of modern American literature for its subject matter, style, and structure. Rechy eventually settled in Los Angeles where he hustled until he was 55 years old. He claims he stopped counting after 7,000 sexual partners. A landscape of rough-trade gay hustling provides the backdrop for most of his novels. Numbers (1967), This Days Death (1969), Rushes (1979), and The Coming of the Night (1999) all deal with some aspect of hustling or the changing gay scene. The Sexual Outlaw: A Documentary (1977) is his nonfiction take on the subjects. The author of more than a dozen novels to date, he has also written several that include a gay character but do not feature hustling at their core. These include Marilyn’s Daughter (1988) and The Miraculous Day of Amalia Gomez (1991) and reveal his interest in Hollywood’s mystique and his Chicano roots. Rechy disparages the label “gay writer.” Rechy has taught writing at UCLA and USC and is the recipient of two Lifetime Achievement awards: one from PEN USA West and another from the Publishing Triangle. Rechy lives in Hollywood with his partner of many years, film producer Michael Snyder.

Further Reading:
1.       Casillo, Charles. Outlaw: The Lives and Careers of John Rechy. Los Angeles: Advocate Books, 2002
2.       Reys, Jeff. “LA Outlaw.” Blue 46 (September 2003): 40–43.

Further Reading:
1.       Agustín, Laura. “Helping Women Who Sell Sex: The Construction of Benevolent Identities.” Rhizomes 10 (2005), http://www.rhizomes.net/issue10/agustin.htm
2.       Coalition Against Trafficking in Women. “CATW Debates Pro-Prostitution NGOS.” Coalition Report 5–6 (1998–2000): 8–9.
3.       Hughes, Donna. “The 2002 Trafficking In Persons Report: Lost Opportunity For Progress: ‘Foreign Government Complicity in Human Trafficking: A Review of the State Department’s 2002 Trafficking in Persons Report.’” Oral presentation to the House Committee on International Relations, June 19, 2002
4.       Pheterson, Gail. The Prostitution Prism. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 1996
5.       Self, Helen J. Prostitution, Women and Misuse of the Law The Fallen Daughters of Eve. London: Frank Cass, 2003.

Further Reading:
1.       Apffel-Marglin, Frederique. Wives of the God-King. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1985
2.       Bristow, Edward J. Prostitution and Prejudice: The Jewish Fight against White Slavery, 1870–1939. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1982
3.       Brock, Rita N., and Susan B. Thistlewaite. Casting Stones: Prostitution and Liberation in Asia and the United States. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1996
4.       Montgomery, Heather. Modern Babylon: Prostituting Children in Thailand. New York: Berghahn Books, 2001
5.       Nichols, Jeffrey. Prostitution, Polygamy and Power: Salt Lake City, 1947–1918. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2002
6.       Otis, Leah Lydia. Prostitution in Medieval Society: The History of an Urban Institution in Languedoc. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995
7.       Phillips, Melanie. The Ascent of Women: A History of the Suffragette Movement and the Ideas Behind It. London: Abacus, 2004
8.       Ringdal, Nils J. Love for Sale: A World History of Prostitution. New York: Grove Press, 1997, 2004
9.       Rossiaud, Jacques. Medieval Prostitution, trans. Lydia G. Cochrane. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1988
10.   Singh, Nagendra. Divine Prostitution. New Delhi: A.P.H. Publishing Corporation, 1997.

Further Reading:
1.       Roper, Lyndal. Holy Household: Women and Morals in Reformation Augsburg. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991
2.       Rossiaud, Jacques. Medieval Prostitution. London: Blackwell Publishers, 1988.

Further Reading:
1.       Jenkins, Carol. “Cambodian Sex Workers Conduct Their Own Research.” Research for Sex Work 8 (2005): 3–4, http://www.researchforsexwork.org
2.       Longo, Paulo. “From Subjects to Partners: Experience of a Project in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.” Research for Sex Work 7 (2004): 9–10, http://www.nswp.org/r4sw/
3.       Research for Sex Work. http://www.researchforsexwork.org
4.       Van Damme, Lut, Gita Ramjee, Michel Alary, Bea Vuylsteke, Verapol Chandeying, Helen Rees, Pachara Sirivongrangson, Lonard Mukenge-Tshibaka, Virginie Ettigne-Traore, Charn Uaheowitchai, Salim S. Abdool Karim, Benot Msse, Jos Perrins, and Marie Laga on behalf of the COL-1492 study group. “Effectiveness of COL-1492, a Nonoxynol-9 Vaginal Gel, on HIV-1 Transmission in Female Sex Workers: A Randomised Controlled Trial.” Lancet 360 no. 9338, 28 September 2002, pp. 971–977
5.       Vanwesenbeeck, Ine. “Another Decade of Social Scientific Work on Sex Work: A Review of Research 1990–2000.” Annual Review of Sex Research 12 (2001): 242–289.

Further Reading:
1.       Chapkis, Wendy. Live Sex Acts: Women Performing Erotic Labor. New York: Routledge, 1997
2.       Chapkis, Wendy. “Power and Control in the Commercial Sex Trade.” In Sex for Sale: Prostitution, Pornography, and the Sex Industry, ed. Ronald John Weitzer. New York: Routledge, 2000, pp. 181–201
3.       Leigh, Carol. “Prostitution in the United States: The Statistics.” Gauntlet 1, no. 7 (1994): 17–18
4.       Weitzer, Ronald John. “Community Groups vs. Prostitutes.” Gauntlet 1, no. 7 (1994): 121–124
5.       Weitzer, Ronald John. “The Politics of Prostitution in America.” In Sex for Sale: Prostitution, Pornography, and the Sex Industry, ed. Ronald John Weitzer. New York: Routledge, 2000, pp. 159–80.

Further Reading:
1.       Bernstein, Elizabeth. “The Meaning of the Purchase: Desire, Demand and the Commerce of Sex.” Ethnography 2, no. 3 (2001): 389–420
2.       Cressey, Paul. The Taxi Hall Dance. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1932
3.       Escoffier, Jeffrey. “Porn Star/Stripper/Escort: Economic and Sexual Dynamics in a Sex Work Career.” In Male Sex Workers, ed. Todd Morrison. Binghampton, NY: Haworth Press, in press
4.       Frank, Katherine. G-Strings and Sympathy: Strip Club Regulars and Male Desire. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2002.

Further Reading:
1.       Lacassin, Francis. “Mata Hari, ou le romance interrompue.” Le Magazine Litteraire, no. 43 (August 1970), http://www.magazine-litteraire.com/archives/ar_378.htm
2.       Richard, Marthe. Appel des sexes. Paris: Editions du Scorpion, 1951.

Further Reading:
1.       Kraus, Karl. “Die Prozeß Riehl.” Die Fackel, 13 November1906, 8
2.       Mayreder, Rosa. “Die Frauen und der Prozess Riehl.” Neues Frauenleben 18, no. 11 (1906)
3.       Vyleta, Daniel. Crime, Jews and News, Vienna 1895–1914. New York: Bergahn Books, in press.

Further Reading:
1.       Brundage, James. Law, Sex, and Christian Society in Medieval Europe. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987
2.       Mead, Margaret. Coming of Age in Samoa: A Psychological Study of Primitive Youth for Western Civilisation. 1973. Reprint, New York: Harper Perennial, 2001
3.       “Sexual Behaviour of Young People.” Progress in Reproductive Health Research 41 (1997). Website of the World Health Organization. http://www.who.int/reproductive-health/hrp/progress/41/news41_1.en. html
4.       Van Gennep, Arnold. The Rites of Passage. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1960.

Further Reading:
1.       Thormalen, Marianne. Rochester: The Poems in Context. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993
2.       Turner, James Grantham. Libertines and Radicals in Early Modern London: Sexuality, Politics, and Literary Culture, 1630–1685. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2002
3.       Wilmot, John, second Earl of Rochester. The Complete Poems, ed. David M. Vieth. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1968.

Further Reading:
1.       Rode Draad Web site. http://www.rodedraad.nl

Further Reading:
1.       Goodwin, Sarah Webster. “Wordsworth and Romantic Voice: The Poet’s Song and the Prostitute’s Cry.” In Embodied Voices: Representing Female Vocality in Western Culture, ed. Leslie C. Dunn and Nancy A. Jones. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994, pp. 65–79
2.       Mellor, Anne K. Romanticism and Feminism. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1988
3.       Mudge, Bradford K. The Whores Story: Women, Pornography, and the British Novel, 1684–1830. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.

Further Reading:
1.       Hickman, Katie. Courtesans: Money, Sex and Fame in the Nineteenth Century. New York: William Morrow, 2003
2.       Ringdal, Nils Johan. Love for Sale: A World History of Prostitution, trans. Richard Daly. New York: Grove Press, 2004
3.       Rounding, Virginia. Grandes Horizontales. New York: Bloomsbury, 2003.

Further Reading:
1.       Beard, Mary, and John Henderson. “With This Body I Thee Worship: Sacred Prostitution in Antiquity.” In Gender and the Body in the Ancient Mediterranean, ed. M. Wyke. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, 1998, pp. 56–79
2.       Bird, Phyllis. “‘To Play the Harlot’: An Inquiry into an Old Testament Metaphor.” In Gender and Difference in Ancient Israel, ed. P. Day. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 1989, pp. 75–94
3.       Budin, Stephanie L. “Pallakai, Prostitutes, and Prophetesses.” Classical Philology 98 (2003): 148–159
4.       Budin, Stephanie L. “Sacred Prostitution in the First Person.” In Prostitutes and Courtesans in the Ancient World, ed. Laura McClure and Christopher Faraone. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, in press
5.       Hooks, Stephen M. “Sacred Prostitution in Israel and the Ancient Near East.” Ph.D. dissertation, Hebrew Union College, 1985
6.       Oden, Robert A., Jr. The Bible without Theology. Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2000
7.       Westenholz, Joan G. “Tamar, Qedeša, Qadištu, and Sacred Prostitution in Mesopotamia.” Harvard Theological Review 82:3 (1989): 245–265.

Further Reading:
1.       Fabian, Cosi. “The Holy Whore: A Woman’s Gateway to Power.” In Whores and Other Feminists, ed. Jill Nagle. New York: Routledge, 1997, pp. 44–54
2.       Stubbs, Kenneth K. Women of the Light: The New Sacred Prostitute. Tucson, AZ: Secret Garden Publishing, 1995.

Further Reading:
1.       Lynott, Douglas B. “The Marquis de Sade.” Court TVs Crime Library. http://www.crimelibrary.com/ classics/marquis/
2.       Thomas, Donald. The Marquis de Sade: A New Biography. Secaucus, NJ: Citadel Press, 1992.

Further Reading:
1.       Colton, John, and Clemence Randolph. Rain: A Play in Three Acts. New York: Boni and Liveright, 1925
2.       Maugham, W. Somerset. “Rain.” In The Exotic Novels and Short Stories of Somerset Maugham. New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, 2001, pp. 342.

Further Reading:
1.       Brame, William, Gloria Brame, and Jon Jacobs. Different Loving: The World of Sexual Domination and Submission. New York: Random House, 1993
2.       Stoller, Robert J. Pain and Passion: A Psychoanalyst Explores the World of S&M. New York: Plenum, 1991
3.       Theroux, Paul. Nurse Wolf and Dr. Sacks. London: Faber & Faber, 2001.

Further Reading:
1.       Wan, Xianchu. Famous Prostitutes of Ancient China (Zhong Guo Ming Ji). Taibei, China: Xiapu Press, 1994.

Further Reading:
1.       McKinley, Edward H. Marching to Glory: The History of the Salvation Army in the United States, 1880–1992. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans, 1995
2.       Murdoch, Norman H. Origins of the Salvation Army. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1994.

Further Reading:
1.       Gilfoyle, Timothy. City of Eros: New York City, Prostitution, and the Commercialization of Sex, 1790–1920. New York: W.W. Norton, 1992
2.       Stansell, Christine. City of Women: Sex and Class in New York, 1789–1860. Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1987.

Further Reading:
1.       Hunter, Richard. The New Comedy of Greece and Rome. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1985.

Further Reading:
1.       Bastow, Karen. “Prostitution and HIV/AIDS.” HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Newsletter 2, no. 2 (1995), http://www.walnet.org/csis/papers/bastow-aidslaw.html
2.       Bernstein, Elizabeth. “What’s Wrong with Prostitution? What’s Right with Sex Work? Comparing Markets in Female Sexual Labor.” Symposium Issue: Economic Justice for Sex Workers. Hastings Womens Law Journal 10, no. 1 (Winter 1999)
3.       Bernstein, Elizabeth. “The Meaning of the Purchase: Desire, Demand, and the Commerce of Sex.” Ethnography 2, no. 3 (2001)
4.       Bland, Lucy “‘Purifying’ the Public World: Feminist Vigilantes in Late Victorian England.” Women’s History Review 1, no. 3 (Oct 1992): 397–412
5.       Brock, Debi. “Prostitutes Are Scapegoats in the AIDS Panic.” Resources for Feminist Research 18, no. 2 ( June 1989): 13–17
6.       Bromberg, Sara. “Feminist Issues in Prostitution.” In Prostitution: On Whores, Hustlers, and Johns, ed. by James Elias, Vern L. Bullough, and Veronica Elias. New York: Prometheus Books, 1999
7.       Cohen, Stanley. Folk Devils and Moral Panics: The Creation of the Mods and Rockers. London: Martin Robinson, 1972
8.       Fine, Bob. “Labelling Theory: An Investigation into the Sociological Critique of Deviance.” Economy and Society 6, no. 2 (May 1977): 166–193
9.       Gilfoyle, Timothy J. City of Eros: New York City, Prostitution, and the Commercialization of Sex, 1790–1920. New York: W.W. Norton, 1992
10.   Goode, Erich, and Nachman Ben-Yehuda. Moral Panics: The Social Construction of Deviance. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell, 1994
11.   Gusfield, Joseph. Symbolic Crusade: Status Politics and the American Temperance Movement. Champaign: University of Illinois Press, 1963
12.   Hall, Stuart, Chas Critcher, Tony Jefferson, John Clarke, and Brian Roberts. Policing the Crisis: Mugging, the State, and Law and Order. New York: Holmes & Meier Publishers, 1978
13.   Hobson, Barbara. Uneasy Virtue: The Politics of Prostitution and the American Reform Tradition. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1990
14.   Jenness, Valerie. “From Sex as Sin to Sex as Work: Coyote and the Reorganization of Prostitution as a Social Problem.” Social Problems 37, no. 3 (August 1990): 403–17
15.   Lee, Danny. “Street Fight.” New York Times, 31 March 2002, C1
16.   Leonard, Zoe, and Polly Thistlethwaite. “Prostitutes and AIDS.” In Women, AIDS, & Activism, ed. The ACT UP/NY Women & AIDS Book Group. Boston, MA: South End Press, 1990
17.   Rofes, Eric. Dry Bones Breathe: Gay Men Creating Post-AIDS Identities and Subcultures. Birmingham, NY: Harrington Park Press, 1998
18.   Rosen, Ruth. The Lost Sisterhood: Prostitution in America, 1900–1918. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins Press, 1982
19.   Rubin, Gayle. “Thinking Sex: Notes for a Radical Theory of the Politics of Sexuality.” In Social Perspectives in Lesbian and Gay Studies: A Reader, ed. Peter M. Nardi and Beth E. Schneider. New York: Routledge, 1984
20.   Shepard, Benjamin. “Culture Jamming a SexPanic!” In From ACT UP to the WTO: Urban Protest and Community-Building in the Era of Globalization, ed. Benjamin Shepard and Ron Hayduk. New York: Verso Press, 2002
21.   Wagner, D. “The Universalization of Social Problems.” Critical Sociology 23, no. 1 (1997): 3–23
22.   Walkowitz, Judith. “Male Vice and Female Virtue: Feminism and the Politics of Prostitution in 19th Century Britain.” In Powers and Desire: The Politics of Sexuality, ed. Ann Snitow, Christine Stansell, & Sharon Thompson. New York: Monthly Review Press, 1983
23.   Ward, Prescilla. “Cultures and Carriers: ‘Typhoid Mary’ and the Social Science of Control.” Social Text 52–53 (1997): 181–214
24.   Wockner, Rex. “Sex-lib activists confront ‘SexPanic!’” Gaywave, 2 December 1997. http://gaytoday.badpuppy.com/garchive/events/111797ev.htm/
25.   Worth, Robert. “Tolerance in Village Wears Thin Drug Dealing and Prostitution Are Becoming a Hazard in a Normally Quiet West Village Area.” New York Times, 19 January 2002.

Further Reading:
1.       Banach, Linda, and Metzenrath, Sue. “Model Principles for Sex Industry Law Reform.” Sydney, Australia: Scarlet Alliance/AFAO, 2000
2.       Scarlet Alliance Web site. http://www. scarletalliance.org.au

Further Reading:
1.       Egger, Steven A. The Need to Kill: Inside the World of the Serial Killer. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2003
2.       Leyton, Elliott. Hunting Humans: The Rise of the Modern Multiple Murderer. New York: Carroll & Graf, 2003
3.       Newton, Michael. The Encyclopedia of Serial Killers. New York: Facts on File, 2000.

Further Reading:
1.       Delacoste, Frédérique, and Priscilla Alexander, eds. Sex Work: Writings by Women in the Sex Industry. San Francisco: Cleis Press, 1987 2nd ed., 1998
2.       Nagle, Jill, ed. Whores and Other Feminists. New York: Routledge, 1997
3.       Pheterson, Gail, ed. A Vindication of the Rights of Whores. Seattle, WA: Seal Press, 1989.

Further Reading:
1.       Commonwealth Department of Health and Aging. “5th National HIV Strategy
2.       Revitalising Australia’s Response.” Commonwealth of Australia, 2005
3.       Metzenrath, Sue. “To Test or Not to Test.” Website of the Scarlet Alliance. http://www.scarletalliance.org.au/library/metrenrath-testdonttest/ file_view
4.       Murray, Alison. “Pink Fits: Sex, Subcultures and Discourses in the Asia-Pacific.” Melbourne, Australia: Centre of South East Asian Studies, Monash University, 2001
5.       Perkins, Roberta. “Sexual Health and Safety among a Group of Prostitutes.” Sex Industry and Public Policy (1991): 147–153.

Further Reading:
1.       Eadie, Jo, ed. Sexuality: The Essential Glossary. London: Hodder Arnold Publishers, 2004
2.       Nettleton, Sarah. The Sociology of Health and Illness. Cambridge, England: Polity Press, 1995
3.       Public Health Agency of Canada. What You Need to Know About Sexually Transmitted Infections. Minister of Public Works and Government Services, Canada, 2002. http://www.phacaspc. gc.ca/publicat/std-mts/

Further Reading:
1.       Henriot, Christian. Prostitution and Sexuality in Shanghai: A Social History, 1849–1949. Cambridge, England: University of Cambridge Press, 1997
2.       Hershatter, Gail. Dangerous Pleasure: Prostitution and Modernity in Twentieth-Century Shanghai. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997.

Further Reading:
1.       Kippen, Cameron. “The History of Footwear.” Web site of the Curtin University Department of Podiatry. http://podiatry.curtin.edu.au/history.html

Further Reading:
1.       Beith-Halahmi, Esther Yael. Angell Fayre or Strumpet Lewd: Jane Shore as an Example of Erring Beauty in Sixteenth-Century Literature. 2 vols. Salzburg, Austria: Universität Salzburg, 1974
2.       Horrox, Rosemary. “Elizabeth Shore.” In The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Vol. 50. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004, pp. 216–17
3.       Scott, Maria M. Re-presenting Jane Shore: Harlot and Heroine. Aldershot, England: Ashgate, 2005.

Further Reading:
1.       Sins of the Cities. Hyde, H. Montgomery. The Cleveland Street Scandal. New York: Coward, McCann and Geoghegan, 1976
2.       Mendes, Peter. Clandestine Erotic Fiction in English 1800–1930: A Bibliographical Study. Aldershot, England: Scolar Press, 1993
3.       Simpson, Colin, Lewis Chester, and David Leitch. The Cleveland Street Affair. Boston: Little, Brown, 1976.

Further Reading:
1.       Butler, Anne M. Daughters of Joy, Sisters of Mercy: Prostitutes in the American West 1865–90. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1985
2.       Lebrun, Charles. “Our Lady of Charity of the Good Shepherd.” The Catholic Encyclopedia Web site. http://www.newadvent.org/cathen

Further Reading:
1.       Burtt, Shelley. “The Societies for the Reformation of Manners: Between John Locke and the Devil in Augustan England.” In The Margins of Orthodoxy: Heterodox Writing and Cultural Response, 1660–1750, ed. Roger D. Lund. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1995, pp. 149–69
2.       Curtis, T. C., & W. A. Speck. “The Societies for the Reformation of Manners: A Case Study of the Theory and Practice of Moral Reform.” Literature and History 3 (1976): 45–64
3.       Isaacs, Tina. “The Anglican Hierarchy and the Reformation of Manners, 1688–1738.” Journal of Ecclesiastical History 33, no. 3 (1982): 391–411
4.       Shoemaker, Robert B. “Reforming the City: The Reformation of Manners Campaign in London, 1690–1738.” In Stilling the Grumbling Hive, ed. Lee Davison. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1992, pp. 99–120.

Further Reading:
1.       Leaton, Anne. Pearl. New York: Alfred. A. Knopf, 1985
2.       Seagraves, Anne. Soiled Doves: Prostitution in the Early West. Hayden, ID: Wesanne Publications, 1994
3.       Traywick, Ben T. Hell’s Belles of Tombstone. Tombstone, AZ: Red Marie’s, 1993.

Further Reading:
1.       DMSC. “Manifesto for Sex Workers’ Rights.” 1997 BAYSWAN Web site. http://www.bayswan.org/manifest.html
2.       “The Sonagachi Project: A Global Model for Community Development.” Horizons Report (May 2002), http://www.comminit.com

Further Reading:
1.       Bay Area Sex Worker Advocacy Network. Prostitute Rights Demonstration in South Asia. http://www.bayswan.org/seasian.html
2.       Gansinghe, Mallika. “No Stray Dogs: Sex Worker Empowerment in Sri Lanka.” Research for Sex Work 3 (2000): 21–22. http://www.nswp. org/r4sw
3.       Russell, Sabin. “The Role of Prostitution in South Asia’s Epidemic: Push for Safe Sex in Red-light Districts.” San Francisco Chronicle, 5 July 2004.

Further Reading:
1.       Lewis, M., S. Bamber, & M. Waugh, ed. Sex, Disease and Society: A Comparative History of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and HIV/AIDS in Asia and the Pacific. Contributions in Medical Studies 43. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1997
2.       Steinfatt, T. Working at the Bar: Sex Work and Health Communication in Thailand. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2002
3.       Steinfatt, T. M. Measuring the Number of Trafficked Women and Children in Cambodia. Part I of a Series . Phnom Penh, Cambodia: USAID, Embassy of the United States of America, 2002. http://slate.msn.com/ Features/pdf/Trfcamf3.pdf
4.       Steinfatt, T. M. Measuring the Number of Trafficked Women and Children in Cambodia: A Direct Observation Field Study. Part III of a Series. Phnom Penh, Cambodia: USAID, Embassy of the United States of America, 2003. http://slate.msn.com/Features/pdf/Trfciif.pdf.

Further Reading:
1.       Dally, Ann. Women Under the Knife. New York: Routledge, 1992
2.       Drachman, Virginia. “The Loomis Trial: Social Mores and Obstetrics in the Mid-Nineteenth Century.” In Women and Health in America, ed. Judith Waltzer Leavitt. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1984, pp.156–165
3.       Fissell, Mary E. “Speculations on the Speculum.” Womens Health in Primary Care 3 (2000): 298
4.       Groneman, Carol. “Nymphomania: The Historical Construction of Female Sexuality.” Signs 19 (1994): 337–367
5.       Wertz, Robert, and Dorothy Wertz. Brought to Bed. New Haven, CT: Yale. University Press, 1989
6.       Walkowitz, Judith. Prostitution and Victorian Society Women, Class and the State. Melbourne: Cambridge University Press, 2001.

Further Reading:
1.       Annie Sprinkle’s website. http://www.anniesprinkle.org
2.       Sprinkle, Annie. Post- Porn Modernist: My 25 Years as a Multi-media Whore. San Francisco: Last Gasp Books, 1998.

Further Reading:
1.       Chapman, H. Perry. Jan Steen: Painter and Storyteller. Washington, DC: National Gallery of Art, 1996
2.       Westermann, Mariët. The Amusements of Jan Steen: Comic Painting in the Seventeenth Century. Zwolle, the Netherlands: Waanders, 1997.

Further Reading:
1.       Pheterson, Gail. “The Whore Stigma: Crimes of Unchastity.” In The Prostitution Prism, by Gail Pheterson. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 1996, pp. 65–89.

Further Reading:
1.       Landau, Emily Epstein. “ ‘Spectacular Wickedness’: New Orleans, Prostitution, and the Politics of Sex, 1897–1917.” Ph.D. dissertation, Yale University, forthcoming
2.       Long, Alecia P. The Great Southern Babylon: Sex, Race, Respectability in New Orleans, 1865–1920. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2004
3.       Roach, Joseph. Cities of the Dead: Circum-Atlantic Performance. New York: Columbia University Press, 1996
4.       Rose, Al. Storyville: Being an Authentic, Illustrated History of the Notorious Red-Light District. Tuscaloosa : University of Alabama Press, 1974
5.       Shapiro, Nat, and Nat Hentoff, comps. Hear Me TalkinTo Ya. New York City: Rinehart & Co., 1955
6.       Dover, 1966.

Further Reading:
1.       Self, Helen J. Prostitution, Women and Misuse of the Law: The Fallen Daughters of Eve. London: Frank Cass, 2003.

Further Reading:
1.       Jenkins, Carol. “Cambodian Sex Workers Conduct Their Own Research.” Research for Sex Work 8 (2005). http://www.researchforsexwork.org
2.       Sterk, Claire E. Tricking and Tripping: Prostitution in the Era of AIDS. New York: Social Change Press, 1999
3.       Thukral, Juhu and Melissa Ditmore. Revolving Door: An Analysis of Street-Based Prostitution in New York City. Web site of the Sex Workers Project of the Urban Justice Center. http://www.sexworkersproject.org/ reports/ RevolvingDoor.html
4.       Weitzer, Ronald. “Prostitution Control in America: Rethinking Public Policy.” Crime, Law & Social Change 32 (1999): 83–102
5.       Wotton, Rachel. “The Relationship Between Streetbased Sex Workers and the Police in the Effectiveness of HIV Prevention Strategies.” Research for Sex Work 8 (2005). http://www.researchforsexwork.org

Further Reading:
1.       Allen, Robert C. Horrible Prettiness: Burlesque and American Culture. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 1991
2.       Erenberg, Lewis A. Steppin’ Out: New York Nightlife and the Transformation of American Culture. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1984
3.       Foley, Brenda. “Naked Politics: Erie, PA v the Kandyland Club.” NWSA Journal 14, no. 2 (2002): 1–17
4.       Frank, Katherine. “The Production of Identity and the Negotiation of Intimacy in a ‘Gentleman’s Club.’ ” Sexualities 1, no. 2 (1998): 175–202
5.       Frank, Katherine. G-Strings and Sympathy: Strip Club Regulars and Male Desire. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2002
6.       Gilfoyle, Timothy J. City of Eros: New York City, Prostitution, and the Commercialization of Sex, 1790–1920. New York: W. W. Norton, 1992
7.       Hanna, Judith Lynne. “Undressing the First Amendment and Corsetting the Striptease Dancer.” The Drama Review 42, no. 2 (1998): 38–69.

Further Reading:
1.       Bowers, Jane, and Judith Tick, eds. Women Making Music: The Western Art Tradition, 1150–1950. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1987
2.       Jezic, Diane Peacock, and Elizabeth Wood, eds. Women Composers: The Lost Tradition Found, 2nd ed. New York: Feminist Press, 1993
3.       Magner, C. Barbara Strozzi: la Virtuosissima Cantatrice. http://www.home.earthlink. net/~barbarastrozzi/index.htm

Further Reading:
1.       Beck, Stephen V. “Syphilis: The Great Pox.” In Plague, Pox and Pestilence: Disease in History, ed. Kenneth F. Kiple. New York: Barnes & Noble, 1997, pp. 110–15
2.       Centers for Disease Control. “The CDC Tuskegee Syphilis Study Page.” http://www.cdc.gov/nchstp/od/tuskegee/ index.html
3.       Foa, Anna. “The New and the Old: The Spread of Syphilis (1494–1530).” In Sex and Gender in Historical Perspective, ed. Edward Muir and Guido Ruggiero. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1990, pp. 26–45
4.       Gould, Stephen Jay. “Syphilis and the Shepherd of Atlantis (Renaissance Poem about Syphilis Attempts to Explain Its Origins
5.       Genetic Map Revealed in 1998).” Natural History 109 (October 2000): 38–42, 74–82
6.       Jones, James H. Bad Blood: The Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment. New York: Free Press, 1981
7.       Kohn, George Childs, ed. Encyclopedia of Plague and Pestilence. New York: Checkmark Books, 2001
8.       Laughran, Michelle A. In “The Body, Public Health and Social Control in Sixteenth-Century Venice.” Ph.D. dissertation, University of Connecticut, 1998, pp. 57–104
9.       National Library of Medicine, “Visual Culture and Public Health Posters: Veneral Disease” http://www.nlm.nih.gov/exhibition/visualculture/venereal.html
10.   Quétel, Claude. The History of Syphilis. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1986
11.   Watts, heldon. Epidemics and History: Disease, Power and Imperialism. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1997, pp. 121–66.

Further Reading:
1.       Ahmed, Julia. “Health Impacts of Prostitution: Experience of Bangladesh Women’s Health Coalition.” Research for Sex Work 4 (2001): 8–9. http://www.med.vu.nl/hcc/artikelen/ ahmed.htm

Further Reading:
1.       Amnesty International. “Israeli Government Must Stop Human Rights Abuses Against Trafficked Women.” http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/engMDE150242000
2.       Kantorowicz, Liad. “Discrimination and Sex Work in Israel-Palestine.” $pread (Spring 2005): 20–21
3.       Specter, Michael. “Traffickers’ New Cargo: Naive Slavic Women,” New York Times, 11 January 1998
4.       Vandenberg, Martina. St. Petersburg Times, 13 October 1997.

Further Reading:
1.       Andaya, Barbara Watson. “From Temporary Wife to Prostitute: Sexuality and Economic Change in Early Modern Southeast Asia.” Journal of Womens History 9, no. 4 (Winter 1998): 11–35
2.       Haeri, Shahla. “Temporary Marriage and the State in Iran: An Islamic Discourse on Female Sexuality.” Social Research 59, no. 1 (Spring 1992): 201–24
3.       Nagar, Richa. “Religion, Race, and the Debate over Muta in Dar es Salaam.” Feminist Studies 26, no. 3 (Fall 2000): 661–90.

Further Reading:
1.       Rosen, Ruth. The Lost Sisterhood: Prostitution in America, 1900–1918. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1982.

Further Reading:
1.       Kao Tha, Chuon Srey Net, Sou Sotheavy, Pick Sokchea, and Chan Sopheak. “The Tenofovir Trial Controversy in Cambodia.” Research for Sex Work 7 (2004): 10–11
2.       Loff, Bebe, Carol Jenkins, Melissa Ditmore, Cheryl Overs, and Rosanna Barbero. “Unethical Clinical Trials in Thailand: A Community Response.” The Lancet 365, 6 May 2005, 1618–1619.

Further Reading:
1.       Agustín, Laura. “The (Crying) Need for Different Kinds of Research.” Research for Sex Work 5 (2002): 30–32
2.       Agustín, Laura. “Helping Women Who Sell Sex: The Construction of Benevolent Identities.” Rhizomes Neo-Liberal Governmentality: Technologies of the Self and Governmental Conduct 10 (2005)
3.       Agustín, Laura. “Migrants in the Mistress’s House: Other Voices in the ‘Trafficking’ Debate.” Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State and Society 12, no. 1 (2005): 96–117
4.       Chapkis, Wendy. Live Sex Acts: Women Performing Erotic Labor. New York: Routledge, 1997
5.       Ehrenreich, Barbara, and Arlie Russell Hochschild, eds. Global Women: Nannies, Maids, and Sex Workers in the New Economy. New York: Henry Holt, 2002
6.       Leigh, Carol. “Inventing Sex Work.” In Whores and Other Feminists, ed. Jill Nagle. New York: Routledge, 1997, pp. 225–31
7.       Thorbek, Susanne. “Introduction: Prostitution in a Global Context: Changing Patterns.” In Transnational Prostitution: Changing Global Patterns, ed. Susanne Thorbek and Bandana Pattanaik. New York: Zed Books, 2002, pp. 1–9.

Further Reading:
1.       Ward, Benedicta. Harlots of the Desert: A Study of Repentance in Early
2.       Monastic Sources. Kalamazoo, MI: Cistercian Publications, 1987.

Further Reading:
1.       Cesaretti, Paolo. Theodora: Empress of Byzantium. New York: Vendome Press, 2004
2.       Evans, James Allen. The Empress Theodora: Partner of Justinian. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2003
3.       Prioleau, Betsy. Seductress: Women Who Ravished the World and Their Lost Art of Love. New York: Penguin, 2003.

Further Reading:
1.       Bernstein, Elizabeth. Economies of Desire: Sexual Commerce and Post-Industrial Culture. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2006
2.       Molina, Fanny Polanía, and Marie-Louise Janssen. I Never Thought This Would Happen to Me: Prostitution and Traffic in Latin American Women in The Netherlands. Rotterdam: Foundation Esperanza, 1998
3.       Vanwesenbeeck, Ina. “Another Decade of Social Scientific Work on Sex Work: A Review of Research, 1990–2000.” Annual Review of Sex Research (2001)
4.       Vanwesenbeeck, Ina. ProstitutesWell Being and Risk. Amsterdam: VU University Press, 1994.

Further Reading:
1.       To beg I am ashamed. Craig, Alec. The Banned Books of England. London: Allen & Unwin, 1962
2.       Sheldon, Michael. The Enemy Within. London: William Heinemann, 1994.

Further Reading:
1.       Allison, Anne. Nightwork: Sexuality, Pleasure, and Corporate Masculinity in a Tokyo Hostess Club. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994
2.       Bornoff, Nicholas. Pink Samurai: Love, Marriage, and Sex in Contemporary Japan. New York: Pocket Books, 1991
3.       Louis, Lisa. Butterflies of the Night: Mama-sans, Geisha, Strippers, and the Japanese Men They Serve. New York: Tengu Books, 1992
4.       Schreiber, Mark, ed. Tabloid Tokyo. Tokyo: Kodansha International, 2005
5.       Schreiber, Mark, ed. Tokyo Confidential: Titillating Tales from Japans Wild Weeklies. Tokyo: The East Publications, 2001.

Further Reading:
1.       Cooper, Douglas. Masters of Art: Toulouse-Lautrec. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1983
2.       Frey, Julia. Toulouse-Lautrec: A Life. New York: Viking Penguin, 1994
3.       Heller, Reinhold. Toulouse-Lautrec: The Soul of Montmartre. New York: Prestel, 1997.

Further Reading:
1.       Baker, M. “Guilty or innocents?” Sydney Morning Herald, 16 November 1995
2.       Brennan, Denise. Whats Love Got to Do with It?: Transnational Desires and Sex Tourism in the Dominican Republic. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2004
3.       Hicks, R. “Women in Tourism: A Case Study of Bukit Lawang.” Honors thesis, Murdoch University, Perth, Australia, 1994
4.       Hornblower, M. “Special Report: The Skin Trade.” Time 8, no. 25 (1993): 18–19
5.       Law, Lisa. “A Matter of ‘Choice’: Discourses on Prostitution in the Philippines.” In Sites of Desire, Economies of Pleasure, ed. Lenore Manderson and Margaret Jolly. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1997, pp. 233–261
6.       Long, F., M. Horsburgh, M. Rodgers, and R. Roberts. Pleasure in Paradise?: Sex Tourism in Asia. Sydney, Australia: General Synod Office, 1993
7.       Manderson, L. “Public Sex Performances in Patpong and Explorations of the Edges of Imagination.” Journal of Sex Research 29, no. 4 (1992)
8.       Murray, Alison J. No Money, No Honey: A Study of Street Traders and Prostitutes in Jakarta. Singapore: Oxford University Press, 1991
9.       Murray, Alison. Pink Fits: Sex, Subcultures and Discourses in the Asia-Pacific. Clayton, Australia: Monash Asia Institute, 2001
10.   Odzer, Cleo, Patpong Sisters: An American Woman’s View of the Bangkok Sex World. New York: Blue Moon Books/Arcade Publishing, 1994
11.   Sancho, N., and M. Layador, eds. “Traffic in Women: Violation of Women’s Dignity and Fundamental Human Rights.” Manila, The Philippines: Asian Women’s Human Rights Council, 1993
12.   Williams, L. “Harlots and Heroin: A holiday in Hell.” Sydney Morning Herald, 17 March 1991.

Further Reading:
1.       Global Alliance Against Trafficking in Women Web site. http://www.gaatw.org/
2.       IHRLG Annotated Guide to the Complete United Nations Trafficking Protocol (PDF). http:// www.hrlawgroup.org/initiatives/trafficking_persons/default.asp
3.       Skrobanek, Siriporn, Nattaya Boonpakdi, Chutima Janthakeero. The Traffic in Women. New York: Zed Books, 1997
4.       Trafficked Persons Rights Project. Introduction to the VTVPA. http://www.tprp.org/resources/index.html
5.       United States Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000: Trafficking in Persons Report. http://www.state.gov/g/tip/rls/tiprpt/2004/
6.       Wijers, Marjan, and Lin Lap Chew. Trafficking in Women: Forced Labour and Slavery-like Practices in Marriage Domestic Labour and Prostitution. Utrecht, the Netherlands: Foundation Against Trafficking in Women (STV), 1997.

Further Reading:
1.       Steinfatt, T. Working at the Bar: Sex Work and Health Communication in Thailand. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2002a
2.       Steinfatt, T. M. Measuring the Number of Trafficked Women and Children in Cambodia. Part I of a Series. Phnom Penh, Cambodia: USAID, Embassy of the United States of America, 2002b. http://slate.msn.com/Features/pdf/Trfcamf3.pdf
3.       Steinfatt, T. M. Measuring the Number of Trafficked Women and Children in Cambodia: A Direct Observation Field Study. Part III of a Series. Phnom Penh, Cambodia: USAID, Embassy of the United States of America, 2003. http://slate.msn.com/Features/pdf/Trfciif.pdf
4.       U.S. Senate Committee on Foreign Relations Subcommittee on East Asian and Pacific Affairs. (2003). Trafficking in Women and Children in East Asia and Beyond: A Review of U.S. Policy. Washington, DC: Supt. of Docs., Congressional Sales Office.

Further Reading:
1.       Luke, Nancy, and Kathleen M. Kurz. Cross-generational and Transactional Sexual Relations in Sub-Saharan Africa: Prevalence of Behavior and Implications for Negotiating Safer Sexual Practices. Washington, DC: International Center for Research on Women, 2002. http://www.eldis.org/ static/DOC11364.htm
2.       Montgomery, Heather. “Children, Prostitution, and Identity: A Case Study from a Tourist Resort in Thailand.” In Sun, Sex and Gold: Tourism and Sex Work in the Caribbean, ed. Kamala Kempadoo. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 1999, pp. 139–150
3.       Peiss, Kathy. “‘Charity Girls’ and City Pleasures: Historical Notes on Working-Class Sexuality, 1880–1920.” In Powers of Desire: The Politics of Sexuality, ed. Ann Snitow, Christine Stansell, and Sharon Thompson. New York: Monthly Review Press, 1983, pp. 74–87
4.       Phillips, Joan L. “Tourist-Oriented Prostitution in Barbados: The Case of the Beach Boy and the White Female Tourist.” In Sun, Sex and Gold: Tourism and Sex Work in the Caribbean, ed. Kamala Kempadoo. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 1999, pp. 183–200.

Further Reading:
1.       Amnesty International. Stonewalled: Police Abuse and Misconduct against Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender People in the US. New York: Amnesty International, 2005. http://www. amnestyusa.org/news/document.do?id=ENGUS20050922002
2.       Blumenstein, Rosalyne. Branded T. 1st Books Library, 2003
3.       Bockting, Walter, and Sheila Kirk, eds. Transgender and HIV: Risks, Prevention, and Care. Binghampton, NY: Haworth, 2001
4.       Boles, J., and K. W. Elifson. “The Social organization of Transvestite Prostitution and AIDS.” Social Science and Medicine 39 (1994): 89–93
5.       Bornstein, Kate. Gender Outlaw: On Men, Women and the Rest of Us. New York: Vintage Books, 1995
6.       Cullen, J. “Transgenderism and Social Work: An Experiential Journey.” The Social Worker 65, no. 3 (Fall 1997): 46–54
7.       Feinberg, Leslie. Stone Butch Blues: A Novel. Ithaca, NY: Firebrand Books, 1993
8.       Feinberg, Leslie. Transgender Warriors: Making History from Joan of Arc to RuPaul. Boston: Beacon Press, 1996
9.       519 Church Street Community Center. “The Happy Transsexual Hooker.” Toronto: 519 Church Street Community Center. http://www.the519.org/programs/trans/index.shtml
10.   Gender IdentityProject Web site. http://www.gaycenter.org/program_folders/gip/index_html/program_view
11.   High Risk Project Society Web site. http://mypage.direct.ca/h/hrp/
12.   Israel, Gianna, and Donald Tarver, eds. Transgender Care: Recommended Guidelines, Practical Information, and Personal Accounts. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1998
13.   Kulick, Don. Travesti: Sex, Gender and Culture Among Brazilian Transgendered Prostitutes. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998
14.   Leichtentritt, R. D., and B. D. Arad. “Adolescent and Young Adult Male-to-Female Transsexuals: Pathways to Prostitution.” The British Journal of Social Work 34, no. 3 (April 2004): 349–374
15.   Leigh, Carol, aka Scarlot Harlot. “Inventing Sex Work.” In Whores and Other Feminists, ed. Jill Nagle. New York: Routledge, 1997
16.   Nemoto, T., et al. “Social Context of HIV Risk Behaviors Among Male-to-Female Transgenders of Color.” AIDS Care (August 2004): 724–735
17.   Network of Sex Work Projects Web site. http://www. nswp.org/
18.   Pettiway, Leon E. Honey, Honey, Miss Thang: Being Black, Gay and on the Streets. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1996
19.   Prieur, Annick. Mema’s House, Mexico City: On Transvestites, Queens, and Machos. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998
20.   Remembering Our Dead Web site http://www.gender.org/remember/
21.   Schifter, Jacobo. From Toads to Queens: Transvestism in a Latin American Setting. Binghampton, NY: Haworth Press, 1999
22.   Sycamore, Matt Bernstein. Tricks and Treats: Sex Workers Write About Their Clients. Binghampton, NY: Haworth Press, 2000
23.   Taormino, Tristan. “Havin’ Buck for Breakfast: On the Set of the Groundbreaking Transwoman-Fucks-Transman Porno.” The Village Voice, 1 September 2005
24.   Wilchins, Riki, Joan Nestle, and Clare Howell, eds. Gender Queer: Voices from Beyond the Sexual Binary. Los Angeles: Alyson Publications, 2002.
Films:
1.       Aparicio, Carlos, and Susana Aiken. The Salt Mines. Frameline, 1990, 47 minutes
2.       Aparicio, Carlos, and Susana Aiken. The Transformation. Frameline, 1995, 58 minutes
3.       Davidson, John Paul. Boys from Brazil. 1993, 69 minutes
4.       Finch, Nigel, director. Stonewall. Fox Lorber, 1999, 99 minutes
5.       Gibson, Alex, and Kirk Streb, directors. Transgender Teens. Discovery Health Network, 2003
6.       Goldman, Henrique. Princesa. Strand Releasing, 2002, 96 minutes
7.       Goldson, Annie, and Peter Wells, producers. Georgie Girl. Women Make Movies, 2001, 69 minutes
8.       Lifshitz, Sébastien, director. Wild Side. 2005, 93 minutes
9.       Livingston, Jennie. Paris is Burning. Buena Vista Home Video, 1990, 78 minutes
10.   Owens, Brent, director. Downtown Girls: The Hookers of Honolulu. A Home Box Office (HBO) Production, 2005, 53 Minutes
11.   Patton, Parris, director. Creature. Seventh Art Releasing, 2001, 76 minutes
12.   Stamp, Nicole, director. Yapping Out Loud: Contagious Thoughts from an Unrepentant Whore. V-Tape Distribution, 2002, 74 minutes
13.   Stryker, Susan, and Victor Silverman. Screaming Queens: The Riots at Comptons Cafeteria. KQED Television, 2005, 57 minutes.

Further Reading:
1.       Hickey, Gary. Beauty and Desire in Edo Period Japan. Canberra: National Gallery of Australia, 1998
2.       Screech, Timon. Sex and the Floating World. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1999
3.       Swinton, Elizabeth de Sabato, ed. The Women of the Pleasure Quarter: Japanese Paintings and Prints of the Floating World. New York: Hudson Hill Press in association with the Worcester Art Museum, Massachusetts, 1996.
Further Reading and Viewing:
1.       The International Union of Sex Workers Web site. http://www. iusw.org/
2.       Live Nude Girls Unite! Documentary, 2000.

Further Reading:
1.       Dinan, Kinsey Alden. “Establishing an International Standard for States’ Treatment of Trafficked Persons: The UN Anti-Trafficking Protocol and the UN Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime.” In “To Prevent, Suppress and Punish: Ideology, Globalization and the Politics of Human Trafficking, ed. Nancie Caraway. New York: Routledge, in press
2.       Ditmore, Melissa Hope. “Trafficking in Lives: How Ideology Shapes Policy.” In. Trafficking and Prostitution Reconsidered, ed. Kamala Kempadoo. Boulder, CO: Paradigm, 2005
3.       Jordan, Ann D. The Annotated Guide to the Complete UN Trafficking Protocol. Washington, DC: International Human Rights Law Group, 2002. http://www.globalrights.org/site/PageServer?pagename=wwd_index_49
4.       United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. The United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and Its Protocols. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Web site http://www.unodc.org/unodc/ en/crime_cicp_convention.html

Further Reading:
1.       Goncourt, Edmond de. Outamaro—le peintre des maisons vertes. Paris: Biblioteque- Charpentier, 1891
2.       Kobayashi, Tadashi. Utamaro. New York: Kodansha International, 1993.

Further Reading:
1.       Barzaghi, Antonio. Donne o cortigiane? La prostituzione a Venezia. Documenti di costume dal XVK al XVIII secolo. Verona: Bertani Editore, 1980
2.       Canosa, Romano, and Isabella Colonnello. Storia della prostituzione in Italia dal quattrocento alla fine del settecento. Rome: Sapere 1989, 2000
3.       Davanzo Poli, Doretta, et al. Il gioco dellamore: Le cortegiane di Venezia dal trecento al settecento. Milan: Berenice, 1990
4.       Dell’Orso, Claudio. Venezia erotica. Florence: Glittering Images, 1995
5.       Dell’Orso, Claudio. Venezia libertina: I luoghi della memoria erotica. Venice: Arsenale, 1999
6.       Laughran, Michelle A. “Regulating Bodies: Prostitution and the Provveditori alla Sanità.” In “The Body, Public Health and Social Control in Sixteenth-Century Venice.” Ph.D. dissertation, University of Connecticut, 1998, pp. 57–104
7.       Pajalich, Armando. “Come nelle fiabe. Per Adele, l’ultima ‘battona’ veneziana.” Insula Quaderni: Stranieri e foresti a Venezia 6 (2004): 101–102
8.       Rosenthal, Margaret F. The Honest Courtesan: Veronica Franco, Citizen and Writer in Sixteenth-Century Venice. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992
9.       Ruggiero, Guido. Binding Passions: Tales of Magic, Marriage and Power at the End of the Renaissance. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993
10.   Ruggiero, Guido, ed. Storia dossier: La storia della prostituzione. Florence: Giunti, 1988.

Further Reading:
1.       Do Espirito Santo, Maria Eugeñia G., and Gina Etheredge. “And Then I Became a Prostitute … Some Aspects of Prostitution and Brothel Prostitutes in Dakar, Senegal.” The Social Science Journal 41(2004): 137–146
2.       Gronewold, Sue. “Beautiful Merchandise.” Women and History 4 no.1 (1982): 3–102
3.       Hammar, Lawrence. “Caught Between Structure and Agency: Gendered Violence and Prostitution in Papua New Guinea.” Transforming Anthropology 8, no. 1–2 (1998): 77–96
4.       Primov, George, and Carolynne Kieffer. “The Peruvian Brothel as Sexual Dispensary and Social Arena.” Archives of Sexual Behavior 6, no. 3 (1977): 245–53
5.       PSI. “Sweetheart Relationships in Cambodia Love, Sex & Condoms in the Time of HIV.” December 2002. http://www.psi.org/ resources/pubs/cambodia
6.       Schifter, Jacobo. Lilas House: Male Prostitution in Latin America. New York: Harrington Press, 1998
7.       White, Luise. The Comforts of Home: Prostitution in Colonial Nairobi. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1990
8.       Wilkinson, David, and Gillian Fletcher. “Sex Talk— Peer Ethnographic Research with Male Students and Waitresses in Phnom Penh.” Phnom Penh: PSI, 2002.

Further Reading:
1.       Liedtke, Walter A. Vermeer and the Delft School. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2001
2.       Wheelock, Arthur K., and Ben Broos. Johannes Vermeer. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1995.

Further Reading:
1.       Trafficked Persons Rights Project. “Introduction to the VTVPA.” http://www. tprp.org/resources/index.html

Further Reading:
1.       Anderson, Amanda. Tainted Souls and Painted Faces: The Rhetoric of Fallenness in Victorian Culture. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1993
2.       Basch, Francoise. Relative Creatures: Victorian Women in Society and the Novel. New York: Schocken, 1974
3.       Hess, Marcy A. “Discursive Decontamination: Domesticating the Great Social Evil in Early Victorian Novels.” Ph.D. dissertation, University of Alabama, 2001
4.       Nord, Deborah Epstein. Walking the Victorian Streets: Women, Representation, and the City. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1995.

Further Reading:
1.       BBC News. “More Iranian Prostitutes Murdered,” 30 July 2001. http://news.bbc. co.uk/1/hi/world/middle_east/1464990.stm
2.       Kinnell, Hilary. “Murder Made Easy: The Final Solution to Prostitution?” In Prostitution Now, ed. Rosie Campbell and Roger Matthews. Devon, England: Willan Publishers, in press
3.       Lowman, John. “Violence and the Outlaw Status of (Street) Prostitution in Canada.” Violence Against Women 6, no 9 (September 2000)
4.       Potterat, J. J., D. D. Brewer, et al. “Mortality in a Long-term Open cohort of Prostitute Women.” American Journal of Epidemiology 159, no. 8 (2004)
5.       Sentumbwe, S., D. S. Nakkazi, and N. Nantege. “Legislation and Vulnerability to HIV/AIDS among Commercial Sex Workers in Kampala city.” International Conference on HIV/ AIDS, 2002, abstract TuOrE1202
6.       Sharma Mahendra, V., et al. “Over-emphasizing HIV/AIDS Risk in Anti-trafficking Programs Can Contribute to Increasing Stigma and Discrimination— Lessons from Nepal.” International Conference on HIV/AIDS, 2002, abstract ThPeE7910
7.       Thukral, Juhu and Melissa Ditmore. Revolving Door: An Analysis of Street-Based Prostitution in New York City. New York: Sex Workers Project at the Urban Justice Center, 2003. http://www.sexworkersproject. org/reports/RevolvingDoor.html.

Further Reading:
1.       Öhlschläger, Claudia. Unsägliche Lust des Schauens. Die Konstruktion der Geschlechter im voyeuristischen Text. Freiburg, Germany: Rombach, 1996
2.       PsychNet-UK Web site. http:// www.psychnet-uk.com/dsm_iv/voyerism_disorder.htm
3.       Rose, Jacqueline. Sexuality in the Field of Vision. New York: Verso, 1986
4.       Sex Education Links Web site. http://www.bigeye.com/sexeducation/ voyeurism.html.

Further Reading:
1.       Bleuel, Hans Peter. Sex and Society in Nazi Germany. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1973
2.       Gleß, Sabine. Die Reglementierung von Prostitution in Deutschland. Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, 1999
3.       Grossmann, Atina. Reforming Sex: The German Movement for Birth Control and Abortion Reform. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995
4.       Herzog, Dagmar. “Hubris and Hypocrisy, Incitement and Disavowal: Sexuality and German Fascism.” Journal of the History of Sexuality 11, no. 1–2 ( January–April 2002): 3–21
5.       Roos, Julia. “Backlash against Prostitutes’ Rights: Origins and Dynamics of Nazi Prostitution Policies.” Journal of the History of Sexuality 11, no. 1–2 ( January–April 2002): 67–94.

Further Reading:
1.       Achebe, Nwando. “The Road to Italy: Nigerian Sex Workers at Home and Abroad.” In Women’s Labors, Special Issue of Journal of Women’s History 15, no. 4 (Winter 2004): 177–184
2.       Anarfi, John K. Female Migration and Prostitution in West Africa: The Case of Ghanaian Women in Côte d’Ivoire. Accra, Ghana: GTZ Regional AIDS Programme for West and Central Africa, 1995
3.       Buckner, Margaret. “Village Women as Town Prostitutes: Cultural Factors Relevant to Prostitution and HIV Epidemiology in Guinea Bissau.” In Social Sciences and AIDS in Africa: Review and Prospects
4.       Experiencing and Understanding AIDS in Africa. Paris: Karthala, 1999, pp. 389–404
5.       FaSanto, Maria Eugenia, G. Do Espirito, and Gina D. Etheredge. “And Then I Became a Prostitute … Some Aspects of Prostitution and Brothel Prostitutes in Dakar, Senegal.” The Social Science Journal 41 (2004): 137–46
6.       Fagbohungbe, Tunde, ed. The Rape of the Innocents: Evolving an African Initiative Against Human Trafficking. Proceedings of the First Pan African Conference on Human Trafficking, Abuja, Nigeria, February 19–23, 2001
7.       ICWAD International Council for Women of African Descent, Trafficking of African Women Fact Sheet. http://www.npcbw.org/newweb/icwad_04_trafficking_facts.htm
8.       Loconto, Allison. “The Trafficking of Nigerian Women Into Italy.” TED Case Studies 656 ( January 2002): 1–15, http://www.american.edu/TED/italian-trafficking.htm.

Further Reading:
1.       Brussa, Licia, ed. Health, Migration and Sex Work: The Experience of TAMPEP. Amsterdam, the Netherlands: TAMPEP, 1999
2.       Cabiria. Women and Migration in Europe. Lyons, France: Le Dragon Lune, 2004
3.       Pheterson, Gail. A Vindication of the Rights of Whores. Seattle, WA: Seal Press, 1989
4.       Roberts, Nickie. Whores in History. London: Grafton, 1989.

Further Reading:
1.       Butler, Anne M. Daughters of Joy, Sisters of Misery. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1985
2.       Green, Bill. The Dancing Was Lively: Fort Concho Texas: A Social History, 1867 to 1882. San Angelo, TX: Author, 1974
3.       Seagraves, Anne. Soiled Doves: Prostitution in the Early West. Hayden, Idaho: Wesanne Publications, 1994
4.       Wooster, Robert. Soldiers, Sutlers, & Settlers: Garrison Life on the Texas Frontier. College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 1987.

Further Reading:
1.       Cordasco, Francesco, and Thomas Monroe Pitkin. The White Slave Trade and the Immigrants: A Chapter in American Social History. Detroit, MI: Blaine Ethridge, 1981
2.       Devereux, Cecily. “‘The Maiden Tribute’ and the Rise of the White Slave in the Nineteenth Century: The Making of an Imperial Construct.” Victorian Review 26.2 (2001): 1–23
3.       Doezema, Jo. “The Re-emergence of the Myth of ‘White Slavery’ in Contemporary Discourses of ‘Trafficking in Women.’” International Studies Convention, Washington, DC, February 16–20, 1999. Gender Issues 18.1 (2000): 23–50, http://www.walnet.org/csis/papers/doezema-loose.html
4.       Irwin, Mary Ann. “White Slavery as Metaphor: Anatomy of a Moral Panic.” Ex Post Facto: The History Journal 5 (1996), http://www.sfsu.edu/~hsa/ex-post-facto/wslavery.html
5.       Stamp, Shelley Lindsey. “Is Any Girl Safe?: Female Spectators at the White Slave Films.” Screen 37, no. 1 (1996): 1–15.

Further Reading:
1.       Ellman, Richard. Oscar Wilde. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1984
2.       repr. 1987
3.       Holland, Merlin. The Real Trial of Oscar Wilde. New York: 4th Estate/HarperCollins, 2003
4.       Hyde, H. Montgomery. The Cleveland Street Scandal. London: W. H. Allen, 1976.

Further Reading:
1.       Wolfenden Report. Self, Helen J. Prostitution, Women and Misuse of the Law: The Fallen Daughters of Eve. London: Head, Frank Cass, 2003
2.       Wolfenden, John. Turning Points: The Memoirs of Lord Wolfenden. London: The Bodley, 1976.

Further Reading:
1.       Self, Helen J. Prostitution, Women and Misuse of the Law: The Fallen Daughters of Eve. London: Head, Frank Cass, 2003
2.       Wolfenden, John. Turning Points: The Memoirs of Lord Wolfenden. London: The Bodley, 1976.

[page584]
Further Reading:
1.       Victoria Woodhull & Company Web site. http://www.victoria-woodhull.com
2.       Goldsmith, Barbara. Other Powers: The Age of Suffrage, Spiritualism and the Scandalous Victoria Woodhull. New York: Alfred A Knopf, 1998
3.       Horowitz, Helen Lefkowitz. Rereading Sex: Battles over Sexual Knowledge and Suppression in Nineteenth-Century America. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2002.

The World of Suzie Wong (1957)
Further Reading:
1.       Ho, Elaine Yee Lin. “Connecting Cultures: Hong Kong Literature in English, the 1950s.” New Zealand Journal of Asian Studies 5, no. 2 (2003): 5–25
2.       Mason, Richard. The World of Suzie Wong. London: Collins, 1957.

World War I regulation
Further Reading:
1.       Bizard, Léon. Souvenirs d'un Médecin de la Préfecture de Police et des Prisons de Paris (1914–1918). Paris: Bernard Grasset, 1925
2.       Grayzel, Susan. Women’s Identities at War. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1999
3.       Rhoades, Michelle K. “‘No Safe Women’: Prostitution, Masculinity, and Disease in France during the Great War.” Ph.D. dissertation, University of Iowa, 2001
4.       Rhoades, Michelle K. “‘There Are No Safe Women’: Prostitution in France During the Great War.” Proceedings of the Western Society for French History 27 (2001): 43–50
5.       Sauertig, Lutz D. H. “Sex Medicine and Morality During the First World War.” In War, Medicine and Modernity, ed. Roger Cooter, Mark Harrison, and Steve Sturdy. Phoenix Mill, Stroud, England: Sutton Publishing, 1998, pp. 167–188.

Wuornos, Aileen (1959-2002)
Further Reading:
1.       Kennedy, Dolores, with Robert Nolin. On a Killing Day: The Bizarre Story of Convicted Murderer Aileen LeeWuornos. Chicago: Bonus Books, 1992
2.       Russell, Sue. Lethal Intent. New York: Pinnacle Books, 2002.

Yoshiwara
Further Reading:
1.       De Becker, J. E. The Nightless City, or, the History of the Yoshiwara Yukwaku. New York: ICG Muse, 2003
2.       Longstreet, Stephen, and Ethel Longstreet. Yoshiwara: The Pleasure Quarters of Old Tokyo. Tokyo: Yenbooks, 1970
3.       Nishiyama, Matsunosuke. Edo Culture: Daily Life and Diversions in Urban Japan, 1600–1868, ed. and trans. Gerald Groemer. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1997
4.       Screech, Timon. Sex and the Floating World: Erotic Images in Japan, 1700–1820. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1999
5.       Seidensticker, Edward. Low City, High City: Tokyo from Edo to the Earthquake. New York: Knopf, 1983
6.       Seigle, Cecilia Segawa. Yoshiwara: The Glittering World of the Japanese Courtesan. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1993
7.       Swinton, Elizabeth de Sabato. The Women of the Pleasure Quarter: Japanese Paintings and Prints of the Floating World. New York: Hudson Hills Press, 1995.

Zola, Émile (1840-1902)
Further Reading:
1.       Auriant. La Véritable Histoire de Nana.’ Paris: Mercure de France, 1942.

Excerpts from Henry Philip Mayhew and Bracebridge Hemyng, London Labour and the London Poor. Volume IV: Those That Will Not Work (London: Griffin, Bohn, and Company, 1862).
“The Maiden Tribute of Modern Babylon, I: The Report of our Secret Commission.” The Pall Mall Gazette, 6 July 1885, pp. 1–6.
From Emma Goldman’s Anarchism and Other Essays, 2nd rev. ed. New York: Mother Earth Publishing Association, 1911, pp. 183–200.